Skin, a living ecosystem, hosts diverse flora that protects and balances its pH. Discover how to look after it to boast a great skin.

skin flora

Our skin hosts an astonishing variety of microorganisms. This diverse community, known as skin flora, plays a fundamental role in maintaining, protecting and keeping beautiful our skin, and it has an influence on skin disorders, such as acne and rosacea.

What is skin flora?

Skin flora is a complex network of bacteria, fungi and other microorganisms living on the skin's surface. These microorganisms not only live on our skin, but they also play a crucial role in its health and beauty: they help protect it from pathogens, they maintain its natural balance and they contribute to its protective barrier function.

Which factors alter the skin flora?

There are several factors that influence the composition and health of the skin flora, such as genetics, age, exposure to environmental agents (sun, light, pollution or radiation), personal hygiene, diet, use of skin care products and medical treatments, such as topical or systemic antibiotics.

Why is it important to take care of it?

Changes in the skin flora can trigger a variety of skin conditions. These conditions include acne, atopic dermatitis​, psoriasis and rosacea, which are all closely linked to imbalances involving changes in the composition of or quantity of microorganisms on the skin.

  • Acne is common in adolescents and young adults, and it is especially related to an increase in certain bacteria that favour the clogging of pores.
  • Atopic dermatitis is a chronic inflammatory skin condition that can also be caused by alterations in the skin flora.
  • Skin with psoriasis, an autoimmune disease characterised by the appearance of skin lesions, is significantly different in flora composition when compared with healthy skin, suggesting a close relationship between both.
  • Rosacea, a chronic inflammatory condition that mainly affects the face, may also be linked to imbalances in the skin flora, which emphasises the importance of keeping an adequate balance of microorganisms for healthy skin.

How to protect the microbiota

To ensure our skin remains healthy and beautiful, we must take care of and protect the delicate natural balance of its flora. Here are a series of tips:

  • Wash your skin twice a day (morning and night)

Use mild cosmetic products that are suitable for your skin type and age and that remove impurities and residue without altering the skin's natural balance.

The key to a bright and healthy skin lies in finding the right cleanser that satisfies the specific needs of your skin type.

The cleansing solutions range offers a variety of products that have been designed for adequate hygiene and care, while preserving the skin barrier function. It protects the skin from external agents, such as harmful microorganisms.

facial cleansers
  • Use appropriate cosmetic products

Choose those specifically designed for your skin type and formulated with mild ingredients and active substances that promote the natural and functional balance of the flora.

  • Follow a healthy and balanced diet

Your diet can influence your skin's health. Opt for a diet rich in fruit, vegetables and wholegrain foods to provide your flora with the nutrients it needs to thrive.

  • Avoid stress

Chronic stress may adversely affect skin flora and the overall skin's health. Practising stress management techniques, such as meditation, yoga or deep breathing, can help maintain an adequate balance.

  • Avoid excess use of antibiotics and chemicals

An excessive use of topical or systemic antibiotics and strong chemicals can alter the skin flora. It is important to use them only when necessary and under the supervision of a doctor.

Solutions for sensitive skin that take care of the skin flora

The sensitive skin solutions range of products includes prebiotic ingredients that help restore the delicate natural balance of the skin flora, while moisturising, smoothing, providing flexibility and soothing sensitive skin. Their formulas include ingredients that effectively reduce the visible signs of these reactive skins. They also reinforce the skin's barrier function, protecting it from external aggressions.

products for sensitive skin

Balancing solutions for skin with acne

An imbalance in the gut flora also contributes to the development of acne. Regulating its balance with the dietary supplement blemiderm® caps, which contains a unique combination of probiotics, prebiotics, biotin and zinc, helps restore the gut's balance and combat the effects of this pathology from the inside out.

Taking care of our skin flora and protecting its composition and balance are essential to maintaining a beautiful, healthy and bright skin in the long term. By following an appropriate skin care routine, choosing the right cosmetic products and maintaining a healthy lifestyle, we can protect our skin from the inside out, ensuring that it is always in the best condition.

Mireia Vilalta

Mireia Vilalta

Biotechnologist specialising in dermocosmetics

Degree in biotechnology and specialist in dermocosmetic medical devices, such as peels, anti-acne treatments and depigmentation treatments.